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About Pros and Cons of High Heels

Pointed toe shoes make toes compressed

The middle toes go up and the great and little toes go down. The combination of pointed toes and high heels (higher than 5 cm) makes such shoes especially harmful: the body weight pushes the foot into this wedge-like region and the load is on the middle metatarsal bones.

in the narrow toe region the great toe is deviating, thus pushing the second finger up.

A hammer deformity of the second toe and hyperkeratosis (or callosity) take place on its protruding part. As a result, the bones of the great toes suffer the most. The reason is the same: the foot becomes flat under the body weight and due to being in a wedge-like space.

the same happens with the metatarsal bone

 It deviates outwards, when a painful “bump” appears at the head.

wearing pointed toe shoes leads to inflammation in the mucous sacs of the first and fifth metatarsophalangeal joints or formation of bursitis.

That’s why consequences of transverse flat-footedness are often called “gout”.

high heels affect not only the forefoot, but also the hindfoot.

The problem is that when we are standing on tiptoes the load on the small joints of the foot (subtalar and ankle joint) is distributed non-physiologically: some parts are overloaded and the others are almost relaxed.

high heels prevent hamper the foot’s cushioning function.

Normally the foot is bouncing like a spring at every step, thus cushioning the load. Every step in high-heeled shoes affects the spine causing hernias in intervertebral discs, osteochondrosis and pain in the back.

- some people wear high-heeled pointed-toe shoes all the time but don’t have such problems..

Why? The answer is in the structure of the ligamentous tissue responsible for compliance of cartilages, ligaments and fixing the bone in a certain position. Everything depends on the collagen structure: sometimes people don’t even have a clue that it is rather dangerous for them to wear such footwear as it can cause unpleasant conditions like flat-footedness and other deformities. 

What kind of footwear is the best? 

The answer is: comfortable footwear is the best. It must not compress the foot but at the same time it must not be too loose. The heel of about 2 to 4 cm is perfect. No flat soles or stilettos. 

It is better to wear special orthotics every day. They perfectly support the arches both normal and deformed ones and in some cases they help avoid flat-footedness. Of course sometimes a woman might want to wear shoes with a 12-centimeter heel. But they cannot be your everyday footwear. Note: if you don’t feel comfortable in your new shoes, do not hesitate – change them or order orthotics in an orthopedic center.


In these pictures you can see the disposition of toes in high-heeled pointed-toe shoes.

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